- Nov 7, 2012
- Real Name
- Kevin Oppegaard
One of the greatest directors in film history, Ingmar Bergman had an enormous oeuvre, consisting of productions for film, theater, television, radio, ballet, opera and books. He also made documentaries for TV – the two Fårö Documents are included in the set. The Ingmar Bergman Archives (Taschen, 2008) remains the definitive reference of Bergman’s prodigious output, with contributing editors Birgitta Steene, Peter Cowie, Bengt Forslund and Ulla Åberg listing Bergman’s whole life, from his birth in 1918 until his death in 2007.There's four 1946-1950 films omitted (all seeming to be SI or Folkets properties), the 1976 film Face to Face (currently licensed from Paramount to Olive Films), and two TV movies (both owned by SVT, it seems).
The films missing from the set are mostly from his first “apprentice” phase from 1944-1951, when he made 10 films. (The films are numbered according to their place in Bergman’s chronological output). The films missing, with two exceptions, were not distributed by Svensk Filmindustri, who, together with Svenska Filminstitutet, were responsible for restoring and making available all of the masters in the Criterion set. The Ingmar Bergman Taschen Archives list 46 films in his filmography, not including the two Fårö Documents. The nine films missing from the set are as follows:
1. Torment (Hets); released as Frenzy (UK) - 1944. Distributed by Svensk Filmindustri (Sweden), Oxford Films (USA)
Bergman wrote the Torment screenplay, was the assistant director and scriptboy on the film. However, it is really director Alf Sjöberg’s film, so not completely an Ingmar Bergman film. Probably the reason it is not included in the set.
3. It Rains On Our Love (Det regnar på vår kärlek); released as Man with an Umbrella (UK) - 1946. Distributed by Svenska AB Nordisk Tonefilm (Sweden)
Ingmar Bergman and Herbert Grevenius adapted Norwegian playwright Oskar Braathen’s play Bra Mennesker (Decent People). It won a Charlie (Swedish Oscar) for the film in 1946. Not Svensk Filmindustri.
5. Music in Darkness (Musik i mörker); released as Night is My Future (USA/UK) - 1948. Distributed by Terrafilm/Stjärnfilm (Sweden), Embassy Pictures/Janus Films (USA)
Ingmar Bergman and Dagmar Edqvist adapted the screenplay after her 1946 novel of the same name. It was an entry at the Venice Film Festival in 1948 but won no prize. Even though Janus films has the distribution rights in the USA, it is not a Svensk Filmindustri title.
7. Prison (Fängelse); released as The Devil’s Wanton (USA/UK) - 1949. Distributed by Terrafilm (Sweden), Embassy Pictures, Janus Films (USA).
This was the first time Ingmar Bergman had written an original screenplay, after his debut Torment. Again, even though Janus films has the distribution rights in the USA, it is not a Svensk Filmindustri title.
10. This Can't Happen Here (Sånt hander inte här); released as High Tension (UK) - 1950. Distributed by Svensk Filmindustri (Sweden).
Ingmar Bergman said in an interview that this was the only film from his whole life that he genuinely regretted making.
The made-for-TV Fårö Documents from 1970 and 1979 are not listed as part of his “film” or “television” production. Bergman was buried on Fårö on August 18, 2007.
37. Face to Face (Ansikte mot ansikte) - 1976. Distributed by Cinematograph (Sweden), Dino de Laurentiis/Paramount (USA)
The major omission from the Criterion set, the reason being that this was distributed by Bergman’s own company, Cinematograph, in Sweden, not Svensk Filmindustri. Dino de Laurentiis and Paramount were responsible for distribution in in USA. It won the 1977 Golden Globe as best Foreign Film of the Year and starred all of Bergman’s regular cast. There is a longer TV version running 175 minutes, 40 minutes longer than the film version. In January 1976, Bergman was arrested for tax evasion. He fought the tax authorities but they refused to budge and he left Sweden in April. He did not make another film in Sweden until Fanny and Alexander, which started production in September 1981.
43. The Blessed Ones (De två saliga) – 1986. Distributed by Swedish TV (Sweden)
Made for Swedish TV.
44. In The Presence of a Clown (Larmar och gör sig till) - 1997. Distributed by Swedish TV (Sweden)
Made for Swedish TV.
45. The Image Makers (Bildmakarna) - 2000. Distributed by Swedish TV (Sweden)
Made for Swedish TV.