Thinking of building my own powered sub

Discussion in 'Speakers' started by fattkt, Apr 27, 2011.

  1. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    Ok I've been looking around and thinking of building my own powered sub for my home theater. I've got my sub kinda picked out, just having problems choosing between two.

    Im looking at the TC sound 12'' Epic and the TC sound LMS-R 12''. Im probly going to go with the Epic due to the lower wattage, so i do have to buy huge amp. If I go with the Epic im going to buy a Bash 500 watt plate amp. But if i go with the LMS-R I was thinking of buy the dayton 1000 watt plate amp, just dont know to much about dayton to know if there a good amp.


    The only thing im haven problem with is a box design. I know the speakers are good to as low as 15hz, I just need a good ported box design that is tuned to 15 to 20hz. If anyone has any info on a box design please let me know. Ive built many car audio boxs but this will be my first home audio project.
     
  2. DefinitiveRes

    DefinitiveRes Auditioning

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    Dude. That's awesome do you have any pictures I want to put it into my Home Theather
     
  3. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    If you go with the BASH 500, you will need to mod the subsonic filter. The stock setting is at 30hz. I don't know why since all other PE amps are set around 20hz. The Dayton amps are good but they don't make the rated power. For less money, you can get a pro amp that pushes much more power. The only drawback is the lack of a subsonic filter.


    Out of the 2 options I would go with the LMS but the 15" model. Go sealed and get a Behringer EP-2500. They are going for a little over $300. You enclosure will be about the same size as the 12" ported, your amp will cost less and you will dig deeper since you don't have a subsonic filter.
     
  4. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    Ok what ported box design would you or anyone recommend going with. I'm looking for plans with dimensions port sizes and port lengths, Ive been racking my brain all night and looking all over the net but haven't found anything. When I was building boxes for car audio I did trial and error. It was a hit or miss deal and I really don't wanna do that on this project. Im looking for something that will do 20 to 150hz or lower.
     
  5. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    well I got to looking around at box designs and i came up with some ideas.


    The first one is 19'' H x 17'' W x 20'' D and two 3'' ports in the rear


    The second one is based off the svs pb13 it 22'' H x 20.5 W x 27'' D with 3 4'' ports in the front.


    What i haven't figured out is the port lenghts and the braces in side the boxes.


    I have been up almost all night thinking about this firing my brain so if anyone has any ideas for a good box or could point me in a direction as to where i can go to get a good design that would be great.
     
  6. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    Find a copy of Unibox (Excel spreadsheet) to model your sub. If you can't find it, try WinISD.


    Here are two designs that you can use as a base for yours. Both are perfect examples of bracing.

    http://www.danmarx.org/audioinnovation/tcsounds.html

    http://www.danmarx.org/audioinnovation/tc3000.html


    It sounds like you disregarded my idea of going sealed. Why?
     
  7. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    I got started on my box today got everything cut out, glue and screwed together but the top. I have to finish cutting out my baffle and install ports before I glue the top on. The box I when with is pretty much the design of the SVS PB13-UTRA the only thing that I think is going to give a some problems is getting the port lenght right. I guess I'm just going to have to play around with some lenghts that i have calculated. Some of the lenghts may require me to use bends or 90s in the ports.


    Does anyone know the lenght of the ports in a svs pb13-utra and how they are layed out inside the box? I do know that they are highflow flared 3.5'' port and that's about it.
     
  8. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    You aren't going to find 3.5" ports so 3" is your best bet. You are going to need to use bends and those are available at Lowes, Home Depot or your favorite plumbing supply store.


    Flares are simple if you buy Aero-ports. You can also make them. I have a 1" round-over bit that I use for flared ports.


    You know the volume of the SVS box. You know the port size. Now you can use this - http://www.psp-inc.com/tools.html to determine their length.
     
  9. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    Ok i used that tool to get my port lenghts, I wanna make sure Im doing this right, i put in my box volume my desired tuning (20hz) the port size and the number of ports with is 3 it gave me 70'' so i take that by 3 or is that the lenght each port needs to be, if so thats nutts! lol


    Ok also when calculateing port lenghts do i subtracted the speaker vas from the box volume or not? I know I ask alot of question but its better safe than sorry i guess.


    Thanks for all your info and help robert
     
  10. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    That is each port.

    It's a careful balancing act among the enclosure size, tuning frequency, port size, port number and port length. As you have found out, sealed is easier.
     
  11. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    my box so far, the top is now glued and screwed on just waiting for the sub (LMS-R 12") and still looking at plate amps just need one big enough.
     
  12. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    I decided on my amp finally after looking around for ever and calling many many places i think im going to go with a behringer ep seires apm. Just thinking Im going to get the ep 4000 so i have more watts to upgrade to more subs if needed. After looking around at plate amps i just couldnt find one that had the power i really needed. SVS wanted 599 for there plate amp, dayton wants over 400 for there 1000watt plate amp witch doesnt have a very good subsonic filter and peaple had to mod them, plus ive been told they dont make the power there rated at, then the bash plate amps werent powerfull enough and also had to have the subsonic filter moded. The behringer ep-2500 is 1200 x 2 at 8 ohms and 2400watts bridged at 4 ohms, the ep-4000 is 1400 x 2 at 8 ohms and 4000watts bridged at 4 ohms witch would be the max power for my sub or would give me room to build one more if i wanted. I sure haven more power than needed is better than not enough. Plus there cheaper in price. Little over 300 new like Robert said, thanks Robert!

    With all that said, I cut the hole for the LMS-R sub and im going out to get poly fill for the box tonight. I also couldnt wait to hear what the box was going to sound like so I threw a 12'' sub out of one of my infinity powered subs and powered it with the infinity amp too. The box hit the lows a lot better and smoother than both my stock infinity powered subs and didnt do to bad on the highs just could tell it needed a higher end sub and more power, it kind fell off on the highs at higher volumes and clapped a bit on the real low end. I just think at do to the lower line single voice coil sub that infinity uses and the lack of power the infinity amp has, that when a get the lms-r sub and the behringer amp, this box will wake up and sound awesome! I know that the infinity sub, amp and box are built and tuned to work together perfect, but it was a good test to see how the box would sound and respond. I'm sure it's going to sound and respond awesome with twice the sub and 3 to 4 times the power. Plus I built it with the 3 3'' ports at 23'' long to be able to tune it how i want it. Just like the svs subs. Just going to have to go to radio shack to get an rs analog spl meter to really tune it in.


    This has been a fun build, just didnt know how much math and calculations went into building something like this. LOL lets hope it all works out in the end or this will be a costly lesson learned. lol
     
  13. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    The EP-4000 is just an EP-2500 in the same box with different graphics on it. The new power rating is "peak" power. Both amps put out about 650w / 4 ohms @ 20 hz or about 800w / 2 ohms @ 20 hz (stereo for both ratings). 1200 / 8 ohms or 1500 / 4 ohms bridged.


    You do know that the Behringer amps don't have a proper subsonic filter. I mentioned that earlier and that is why I suggested a larger driver and running it sealed.



    I didn't answer this earlier. Vas has has nothing to do with tuning ports. Here's a great explanation of Vas - http://www.eminence.com/support/understanding-loudspeaker-data/



    The meter will tell you whether or not you need to proceed with a parametric EQ or not. Your in-room frequency response is determined by placement mostly. Once you find the right place, then you start to tweak with an EQ. If you didn't factor in driver inductance, that can cause a problem. TC Sounds drivers with 3" voice coils have high inductance. It's just physics. I had a peak in my response at 55hz that required an EQ to bring it down with the rest of the response curve.
     
  14. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    so what do you think about the behringer DSP1124 feed back suppressor/paramertic eq with the behringer ep 2500?
     
  15. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    That's what I use. My sub signal chain is Pioneer VSX-1014 > DSP 1124 > EP-2500 > 15" TC-3000 (2).
     
  16. John_Bilbrey

    John_Bilbrey Stunt Coordinator

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    Sounds like the Behringer is a good way to go. Maybe I'll look into one of those for the 15" Dayton I built....
     
  17. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    The Behringer is overkill for the Dayton. It could easily power 4 of them.
     
  18. John_Bilbrey

    John_Bilbrey Stunt Coordinator

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    Wow - that's some serious juice!
     
  19. Robert_J

    Robert_J Lead Actor

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    The Marathon Pro MA-5050 is about twice as powerful as the Behringer. Crown, QSC, Carvin, Peavey, Face Audio are a few others to look at if you really want some juice. Most people end up matching these amps with an 18" TC Sounds driver because very few normal subs can take that kind of power and live to tell about it.
     
  20. fattkt

    fattkt Stunt Coordinator

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    Robert what are your thoughts on the Marathon dj series amps, do you think they produce the power they say they do? That and what are your thoughts about the marathon eq's?
     

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