Mike, you seem to be getting the focus figured out with the camera. That 2nd shot, though, is a great example of learning about shutter speed. Notice how the moving legs are blurry? A faster shutter speed would freeze that motion and make the entire image sharp. Of course, there are times where you may actually want to use a slower shutter speed to induce some motion blur -- whether to convey motion, smooth out moving water, etc. John, I do understand your frustration with attempting to educate folks. I rarely participate in the online photography forums anymore, as there is just too much B.S. out there. And I learned my lesson on offering any photo tips in the field several years ago. I still remember seeing a woman with a dSLR shooting wildlife through a mesh fence, standing several feet from the fence. I politely mentioned that if she put her lens right up against the fence and opened up her aperture, she could make that fence virtually disappear from the photo. All I got from her was a cold, icy stare, and then she went back to shooting several feet away from the fence. Sigh. Speaking of learning photography, over Thanksgiving weekend my sister and I were sharing our Amazon wish lists with each other for Christmas ideas. I noticed she had a Canon 80D dSLR on her list (way too expensive for our gift budget, but that's not my point). Knowing all my sister has ever done was take snapshots with her phone, or previously a point & shoot camera, I asked her why she had that camera on her list. She said she thought she may want to have a better camera for taking better photos of the band her husband manages. I asked her if she was willing to learn basic photography skills in order to actually make use of the camera, and her answer was "probably not". I told her she would just be wasting her money, She grudgingly agreed.