Blu-ray Review HTF BLU-RAY REVIEW: Seven Samurai

Discussion in 'Blu-ray and UHD' started by Matt Hough, Oct 3, 2010.

  1. Matt Hough

    Matt Hough Executive Producer
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    Seven Samurai (Blu-ray)
    Directed by Akira Kurosawa

    Studio: Criterion
    Year: 1954
    Aspect Ratio: 1.33:1   1080p   AVC codec
    Running Time: 207 minutes
    Rating: NR
    Audio: PCM 1.0, 2.0 stereo Japanese
    Subtitles: English

    Region: A
    MSRP: $ 49.95


    Release Date: October 19, 2010

    Review Date: October 3, 2010



    The Film

    5/5


    One of the unassailable masterpieces of international cinema, Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai remains a remarkable achievement no matter how many times one watches it. Both an epic adventure and an intimate character study, a relentless action film and a meditative reflection on the nature of pride, honor, respect, and love, Seven Samurai cannot really be categorized except as a magnificent achievement, one that stands tall almost six decades after its initial release (to a lukewarm reception, surprisingly enough) and a film that has been studied, copied, and adapted by so many filmmakers the world over that its influence reaches around the globe even to moviegoers who have never seen one frame of any foreign language work of art. It is, quite simply, one of the greats.


    In sixteenth century Japan during a period of civil unrest, a renegade tribe of bandits regularly pillages villages of their food and livestock. They pass a village they had robbed of rice the season before and now intend to rob it of its barley once the harvesting season is over. In order to prevent this, a group of villagers led by the fiery Rikichi (Yoshio Tsuchiya) and the bumbling Yohei (Bokuzen Hidari) go looking for some samurai warriors to protect their village. Though the town elder had thought four might be a sufficient number, the first ronin who agrees to help them, the majestic Kambei Shimada (Takashi Shimura), decides seven experienced fighters will be enough to help train the townspeople to aid in their own defense. Only five true samurai who agree to help can be found, but young but eager villager Katsushirô Okamoto (Isao Kimura) and the wild and undisciplined Kikuchiyo (Toshiro Mifune) are also drafted for service.


    There isn’t an uninteresting moment to be found in this epic-length saga even though the climactic battles with the bandit tribe only consume the last hour of the movie. Before that, writer-director Kurosawa spends considerable time and effort establishing the personalities of his diverse cast, and the characters are so interesting that you’ll be glad to postpone those battles to get to know these fascinating people better. There are quite a few laugh-out-loud sequences involving practical jokes and outrageous behavior not only from the top-billed Toshiro Mifune but from this varied cast of character actors and leading men, but when it’s time to get serious, the mood changes radically with much surprising grace and splendor. Kurosawa’s controlled compositions are simply mesmerizing to study and are so riveting that frequent revisits to the movie are a necessity in order to catch everything that he has going on within his framework. The three lengthy battle sequences are, of course, beautifully staged and shot, full of vivid action and yet almost painterly in their style and texture (and the last one shot during almost a monsoon would be a muddy mess but, of course, is utterly glorious regardless). Other sequences (training sessions, reconnaissance missions, various fires, and celebrations following successful strategies) are equally compelling and just as memorable. The love story inserted into the film has its purpose (though it’s my least favorite aspect of the movie), but the idyllic grove sequence is so meticulously framed and shot that its beauty is simply ravishing to behold, more than enough reason for its inclusion.


    Toshiro Mifune was already Japan’s biggest star at the time of the filming, but Kurosawa lets him have his head here, and he lets loose in a wild and wooly characterization that’s full of bite and bluster but is capable of its subtleties as well, one of the greatest star turns in all of cinema. The great Takashi Shimura is the Mifune character’s polar opposite, a dignified warrior of great skill and few words but one who makes every action count and yet not without his own sense of humor. Also chillingly effective are the dazzling swordsman Kyûzô played charismatically and almost in pantomime by Seiji Miyaguchi and the worshipful idolatry of Isao Kimura as the young fighter and lover Katsushirô. Bokuzen Hidari plays a rather standard comical coward, but his rapport with Mifune throughout the movie makes his stock character tremendously endearing.



    Video Quality

    4/5


    The film’s original theatrical aspect ratio of 1.33:1 is presented in 1080p using the AVC codec. Though clearly the best the film has ever looked on home video, the print used for the transfer has some problems that modern processing simply couldn’t completely erase. There are momentary scratches occasionally and some print damage and gate hairs that crop up once or twice. You may see some slight line twitters as well though again they’re only minor blemishes. Overall, the grayscale rendering is excellent with good albeit varying black levels and admirable sharpness, those many deep focus shots coming though with impressive clarity, depth, and dimension. The subtitles are a slightly brighter white than has been the case on other Criterion Blu-rays and are much easier to read than usual. The film has been divided into 29 chapters.



    Audio Quality

    3/5


    The disc offers two PCM tracks: the 1.0 (2.3 Mbps) track is mostly clear and most likely sounds truest to its source material, but there is audible hiss and some scratchy distortion on occasion along with a limited low end. The 2.0 (1.5 Mbps) stereo track is louder in volume than the mono track but sounds more processed and contains more noticeable distortion and some crackle than the mono track. The stereo processing is only really apparent during the intermission music, and overall I much preferred the mono track.



    Special Features

    5/5


    There are two audio commentaries available. The original Criterion laserdisc commentary track with Michael Jeck (who sounds remarkably on occasion like Rod Serling) is my preferred choice. The other offers a round-robin selection of authorities on the film with Stephen Prince, Tony Rayns, David Desser, Donald Ritchie, and Joan Mellen providing their own individual points of view on the movie. For fans of the film, both are required listening, but Jeck’s masterful blend of scholarship and personal reflection is much more appealing.


    The remaining bonus features are included on a second Blu-ray disc in the set. All of the featurettes are presented in 1080i.


    “Akira Kurosawa: It Is Wonderful to Create” is the segment of this encompassing documentary dealing with the creation of Seven Samurai. The writing of the script, the evolution of the characters, and specifics about the staging of the fire scenes and the climactic battle in the rain are all discussed by a group of cast and crew members. The excerpt runs 49 ¼ minutes.


    “My Life in Cinema” is a lengthy question and answer discussion between directors Akira Kurosawa and Nagisa Oshima concerning Kurosawa’s life and career, especially his methods of working, opinions of (then) current cinema (the interview was filmed in 1993), and recommendations to current filmmakers. It runs 116 minutes.


    Seven Samurai: Origins and Influences” is a critical discussion of the samurai tradition in history and its application to films over the last century. Among those contributing to the discussion are Stephen Prince, Tony Rayns, David Desser, Donald Ritchie, and Joan Mellen, the same contributors to the second audio commentary in this package. Filled with film clips from the movie and other samurai films which preceded it, this video essay runs 55 ¼ minutes.


    There are three trailers (one without sound) which run 4 ¼, 3, and 2 ¾ minutes respectively, all in less than ideal condition (showing how impressive the restoration is on the film itself). There is also a teaser trailer which runs ¾ of a minute.


    Two galleries are available for stepping through: a behind-the-scenes series of twenty photographs showing cast and crew at work and a poster gallery with twelve posters and one sheets from around the world.


    The enclosed 58-page booklet includes cast and crew lists, numerous stills from the film, and a succession of fairly brief but informative essays on different aspects of the movie and its creator by critics Kenneth Turan and Philip Kemp, film historians Peter Cowie, Alain Silver, Stuart Galbraith IV, and Peggy Chiao, directors Arthur Penn and Sidney Lumet, and a reminiscence by star Toshiro Mifune.


    The Criterion Blu-rays include a maneuvering tool called “Timeline” which can be pulled up from the menu or by pushing the red button on the remote. It shows you your progress on the disc, the title of the chapter you’re now in, and index markers for the commentaries that go along with the film, all of which can be switched on the fly. Additionally, two other buttons on the remote can place or remove bookmarks if you decide to stop viewing before reaching the end of the film or want to mark specific places for later reference.



    In Conclusion

    5/5 (not an average)


    There are samurai films, and then there is Seven Samurai, the king of them all. This movie masterpiece gets its greatest-ever home video release in this Criterion Blu-ray with bonus features that offer much added value to the overall package. Highest recommendation!




    Matt Hough

    Charlotte, NC

     
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  2. Adam Gregorich

    Owner

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    Thanks for the review Matt. Glad to see this finally make its way onto Blu-ray.
     
  3. Carlo Medina

    Carlo Medina Executive Producer

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    I shouldn't need this review to know that I could safely count on Criterion to deliver the goods on this fantastic film, but I'm glad to have it anyway! Ordered from Amazon (via HTF, so we get credit!) and should be on its way shortly! Thanks for the review.
     
  4. ManW_TheUncool

    ManW_TheUncool Producer

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    Great to hear that Criterion put out another quality release for this classic.


    I'll probably wait until the next B&N Criterion sale though before purchasing -- hopefully, that will happen as expected come November or so.


    And thanks much, Matt, for all the quality reviews you've been putting out (even for that affectionately goofy masterpiece on celluloid BD and the other punk spin on a Shakespearean classic from Baz


    _Man_
     
  5. Nkosi

    Nkosi Stunt Coordinator

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    Great review. Thanks.
     
  6. Nelson Au

    Nelson Au Executive Producer

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    I just picked this up today at Barnes and Noble's 50% off sale on Criterion. I've only seen bits of this film on PBS. So it will be an interesting experience to watch this for the very first time!
     
  7. Brandon Conway

    Brandon Conway captveg

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    It's a fantastic film, Nelson. Hope you enjoy it!
     
  8. Nelson Au

    Nelson Au Executive Producer

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    Thanks Brandon!


    Would you believe I even have the Criterion DVD Spine #2 edition? I never got around to playing it! I'm sure the blu ray will be a much better first experience.
     
  9. Scott Calvert

    Scott Calvert Supporting Actor

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    It most definitely will, that original DVD was pretty bad even for the late 90's. The bluray isn't perfect though. I still find some of Criterions digital tinkering a little heavy-handed.


    Has anyone noticed how the credit sequence is DNR'd to heck and back? As the credits fade in/out they look somewhat normal and you can tell there's film grain there. When the fade in is "complete" the credits go completely solid-white and razor-sharp, like a digital still. A minor nitpick, I know...
     
  10. Brent Reid

    Brent Reid Supporting Actor

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    Toho is currently undertaking a 4K restoration of this landmark film:
    On numerous occasions in these forums and elsewhere, Jack Theakston and Bob Furmanek have stated there's much room for improvement on many Perspecta audio tracks redone for DCP, DVD and BD. Apparently, many efforts, including those done using the Chace Audio card and on Criterion's Kurosawa releases, for best results should have employed an original, restored 1954 Fairchild integrator.

    Jack and Bob, any chance of you trying to get in on this latest restoration? ;)
     
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  11. YanMan

    YanMan Stunt Coordinator

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    While the current Criterion Blu-ray looks great considering the age of the film and state of the existing elements, this is one film I will gladly triple-dip on if Criterion can get the rights to this newest restoration and make this their inaugural 4K UHD release. :)
     
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  12. titch

    titch Stunt Coordinator

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    Had both the CAV and CLV Criterion laserdiscs, the initial Criterion DVD and the blu-ray. So count me in for a quintuple dip!
     
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  13. Torsten Kaiser

    Torsten Kaiser Film Restoration & Preservation
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    The article is now more than a year old - and it has not gotten any better with age. It is literally littered with errors and, worse, nonsense. 7S is being restored from second generation fine grain positive and third generation duplicate negative elements, not prints. As for the sound: that was always mono.
     
  14. Lord Dalek

    Lord Dalek Producer

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    Yeah Toho's pre-1970 archive is pretty much made up entirely of dupes with permanent damage and marks. No matter how many times they restore Seven Samurai it will NEVER be prestine.

    Also since I've never heard Hidden Fortress (or any of the three other Kurosawa films to use that format) played back on a real Perspecta decoder, I'd withhold judgment as to whether or not Criterion got it "right".
     
  15. YanMan

    YanMan Stunt Coordinator

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    Mr. Kaiser,

    Thank you for sharing what you know about this. So it sounds like Toho is working with better elements than what that article suggests? As long as the end result improves on the latest digital restoration, then all is good.

    Any idea if Toho plans to create new physical preservation elements as part of this restoration, or is this strictly a digital endeavor?
     
  16. Lord Dalek

    Lord Dalek Producer

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    Toho's working with the same elements they sent to Criterion in 2006. That's about as good as they're going to get for this title.
     
  17. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    I wish we could help with properly decoding the three-channel Perspecta signal.

    Unfortunately, since we made our pitch to the studios, Bob Eberenz has passed away and I no longer have access to the restored Fairchild integrator.
     
  18. 18 Apr 19, 2017
    Last edited: Apr 19, 2017
    Brent Reid

    Brent Reid Supporting Actor

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    Thanks for your reply Bob, though it doesn't seem appropriate to actually 'like' it. Bob Eberenz sounds like a lovely guy and a true audio pioneer. A quick search turns up lots of fascinating articles on him, including this one.

    Thanks too for your reply, Torsten. In the absence of some better, long-hidden materials turning up, it sounds like this will be the definitive restoration and I look forward to seeing the results.
     
  19. 19 Apr 20, 2017
    Last edited: Apr 20, 2017
    Torsten Kaiser

    Torsten Kaiser Film Restoration & Preservation
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    This I do not know. But this would merely be a question of budget - and a very good idea to do.
    Oh, no ... This is not good news at all. Any chance the estate may change its mind (assuming this is the problem) ?
    7S was originally released mono in Japan, the stereo tracks contained on the Criterion Blu-ray found their way onto that disc by accessing/using sound master materials of the film's re-release that date much later.

    Enjoyed some of your recent work, by the way. More so than most new 3-D productions, if I may add. Good luck on all your coming stuff, Bob.

    best,
    TK
     
  20. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    Thanks very much, TK!

    I loaned my restored integrator to Loew's Jersey for a Perspecta tribute show that I produced in April 2002. FORBIDDEN PLANET was screened for the first time since 1956 in Perspecta plus rare shorts were shown on the fifty-foot screen: an MGM Symphony and Tom and Jerry cartoon plus a Perspecta demo film. Special guests included the family of Bob Eberenz and Robert Fine, the man who developed Perspecta for MGM in 1954. Rare posters and collectibles were on display in the lobby and lines wrapped around the block for this unique event. Over 700 people attended my presentation.

    Sadly, after I resigned as a volunteer in April 2003, they would not allow me back in the booth to retrieve it. I trusted them so nothing was put in writing. It's been sitting (rotting) unused in their booth ever since.

    Bob Eberenz was an absolute gem of a man and a dear friend. Here we are circa 1998 in my screening room with the restored integrator.

    1996.jpgsmall.jpg

    Thanks to Bob, I was able to screen dozens of original 35mm prints (White Christmas, This Island Earth, One Desire, Strategic Air Command, Hell's Island, The Benny Goodman Story, Knights of the Round Table and many more) in the process at our screening room and I developed a deep respect for its capabilities. The people on-line that have criticized Perspecta over the years have never heard it properly.
     
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