Friends showed me two DVDs their college-age daughter had bought on eBay. One, "The Bourne Identity," looked on screen like a legit copy: good video, the regular soundtrack, the usual menus and chapter stops, etc. But it had Chinese subtitles that were on by default, though they could be turned off or replaced with English or Spanish subtitles in the usual way. It also came with no case, just flat packaging with what seemed to be the standard American cover-art insert for a case that you might furnish yourself. The cover-art insert specified Region 1 and seemed to be of high reproduction quality. I do not know if the disk itself was Region 1, but it played in a Region 1 player. I can say that the DVD I saw is obviously not just a pirated "bit copy" of an American "Bourne Identity" DVD -- or it wouldn't have Chinese subtitles. The other DVD I did not inspect as carefully (and I did not note its title) but it seemed to have a similar flat packaging style, contained in a clear plastic envelope. In this case, my impression was that it was not the usual U.S. cover art for the DVD. The cover wrapper had what seemed to be Chinese characters written on it. (Is that what you call the printed insert in a DVD case: a wrapper?) I haven't gotten in touch with the young lady who bought these DVDs yet to ask her more questions, though I am trying to. But her parents told me these DVDs were quite cheap to buy. As the DVD I viewed did not seem to be of shoddy quality in any way, I wondered if it and others like it might possibly be legal DVDs -- maybe not here, but in (say) Hong Kong. (But why would it play in a Region 1 player, then?) So I'd like to know more. Can anyone say: Where do these DVDs come from? For what legal market (if any) are they made? Given that the product is not at all low in quality (at least, not the particular one I saw, examined cursorially), how can it be sold here so much cheaper than American DVDs? Is this kind of product the same thing as a "bootleg DVD"? (I think of the latter as involving a hasty and substandard video transfer, which was apparently not the case here.) Also, if this is a legitimate foreign product, are legitimate American DVD producers ripping us off with unnecessarily high DVD prices? If so, is there any defensible ethical reason for us not to buy these cheaper but essentially equivalent DVDs from abroad? I went out on eBay to find the same or similar DVDs and found some that may or may not be the same -- it was very hard to tell exactly what was being offered. If the ones I want are not true bootlegs, some of the ones I found seemed to be. I searched the Web, too, but couldn't figure out what keywords to search for. "Bootleg DVD" seemed wrong, but the likes of "Chinese DVD" and "Hong Kong DVD" turned up a subculture of films from those lands, not manistream films I'm interested in. I'd very much appreciate hearing what information and opinions people have about this topic. I already know that most HTF posters are against bootlegs, so the question of whether these are bootlegs is a key one. Thanks in advance.