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Aspect Ratio Documentation

Discussion in 'Blu-ray and UHD' started by Bob Furmanek, Mar 20, 2012.

  1. RolandL

    RolandL Well-Known Member

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    Odd that the Dial M for Murder Warner DVD PAL version was framed properly but not the NSTC
    http://www.dvdbeaver.com/film/DVDCompare7/dialmformurder.htm
     
  2. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    DIAL M FOR MURDER was Hitchcock's first film composed for widescreen. Seeing it in open matte 1.37 wreaks havoc with the intended compositions.
    I saw many revival theater presentations of this film in 3-D between 1980 and 2006. Every single one showed it in 1.37. So much for repertory accuracy!
    Bob
     
  3. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    The list also illustrates why additional research is vital to determining the proper ratio. Some of those films (Island in the Sky, The Moonlighter) were filmed before WB went 100% widescreen on May 7, 1953.
    By the end of 1953, 58% of all theaters in the U.S. had gone widescreen. That number would be much higher by the summer of 1954. That's why all the studios were composing wide but still protecting for 1.37 and shooting open matte.
    Bob
     
  4. Mark-P

    Mark-P Well-Known Member

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    According to that exhibitor listing, Calamity Jane and Island in the Sky originally had Stereophonic Sound. I wonder what happened with the DVD releases. I'm guessing the stereo tracks didn't survive.
     
  5. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    BLOWING WILD too, and I'm pretty sure all the Cinemascope titles were stereo as well. Unfortunately, they were not very careful in saving their original stereo tracks.
    Bob
     
  6. Derek Miner

    Derek Miner Well-Known Member

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    And yet Beatles fans still debate the aspect ratio of the film.
    Any suggestions where one could find evidence of the intended aspect ratio of "Yellow Submarine" considering the upcoming Blu-ray issue? I'm already seeing people complain that 1.66 is a cropped aspect ratio.
     
  7. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    It might be printed on the leader as well but I don't have access to a print.
    The leader for HDN lists 1.75 as the correct ratio.
    Bob
     
  8. RolandL

    RolandL Well-Known Member

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    Many of those titles had Perspecta sound - http://widescreenmuseum.com/widescreen/perspec1.htm which I'm guessing most of the tracks are lost or can't be reproduced and were not real stereo anyhow.
    Not all CinemaScope films had stereo soundtracks. "From 1954 through 1957 many M-G-M, Paramount, Universal, and Warner Bros. film used Perspecta optical directional sound (it's an out and out lie to call it stereophonic)" from http://www.widescreenmuseum.com/widescreen/wingcs5.htm
     
  9. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    Somebody asked about these three titles on that Exhibitor list.
    THUNDER OVER THE PLAINS was filmed August/September 1952.
    CRIME WAVE was filmed in November/December 1952.
    RIDING SHOTGUN was filmed in March 1953.
    Warner Bros. switched to widescreen cinematography on May 7, 1953 so all three films were certainly composed for 1.37.
    At another studio, THUNDER BAY was U-I's first film to be shown widescreen in theaters. It premiered in 1.85 on May 19, 1953 at Loew’s State in New York on a 24x46 screen. However it was filmed September to November 1952 and is composed for 1.37. The DVD release is 1.85 which is wrong.
    This illustrates the importance of researching the date of production and what the studio policy was at that time.
    By December 1953, 58% of all U.S. theaters had installed widescreens. That number would be much higher by the summer of 1954.
    When faced with a back catalog of academy ratio titles, the studios screened each film on the lot to determine the best recommended ratio.
    Bob
     
  10. Patrick McCart

    Patrick McCart Well-Known Member

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    "Open matte" transfers still tend to crop the image to fit 4x3. No idea why this happened with Touch of Evil since both versions were HD sourced.
    [​IMG]
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    (Source images taken from DVD Beaver and Blu-Ray.com)
    Of course, these are only comparisons based on single frames.
     
    Brian McP likes this.
  11. Guest

    The new Casablanca shows more on all four sides of the frame.
     
  12. Jack Theakston

    Jack Theakston Well-Known Member

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    Re: A HARD DAY'S NIGHT
    [​IMG]
     
  13. Bob Furmanek

    Bob Furmanek Insider
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    Considering that AHDN was intended for 1.75, I suspect the same is true for YELLOW SUBMARINE.
    Thanks for posting that frame scan, Jack. Do you know when the UK standard changed from 1.66?
    Bob
     
  14. Lord Dalek

    Lord Dalek Well-Known Member

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    Well they were still shooting the Bond pictures for 1.66 around 1964.
     
  15. Worth

    Worth Well-Known Member

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    I've heard conflicting things about the early Bonds - some sources say they were framed for 1.66, others argue they were shot for 1.75. The Criterion laserdiscs were 1.75, but all subsequent MGM releases have been 1.66.
     
  16. Lord Dalek

    Lord Dalek Well-Known Member

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    Actually only the most recent MGM releases have been 1.66. The old transfer used for the 1997 and 1999 dvds was at about 1.77.
     
  17. Jack Theakston

    Jack Theakston Well-Known Member

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    The deciding factor in the '60s seemed to be who was putting up the money. The transition to 1.85 in the UK came from many US-financed films (where the US market would make the most financial impact.). Universal Pictures, for example, seemed to demand it.
    Within British films, both 1.66 and 1.75 formats were used based on what company was shooting the film and what theaters they were going to be shown in
     
  18. Douglas Monce

    Douglas Monce Well-Known Member

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    Wasn't Yellow Submarine originally started as a Television Special? Its likely that the original photography was intended for 1.33.
    Doug
     
  19. Douglas Monce

    Douglas Monce Well-Known Member

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    Bob,
    I'm still confused about the aspect ratio for "It Came From Outer Space". I know the advertising states "widescreen", but it seems like it would be pretty tight if you cropped it. Was this one of those films on which widescreen was an after thought?
    Doug
     
  20. Jack Theakston

    Jack Theakston Well-Known Member

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    I've never heard that, and in fact, I thought the whole point of the film was that the Beatles could get out of their UA contract.
    Most of the artwork in the film doesn't even reach the edge of a 1.37 frame, so I doubt running it that way is correct.
    Yes.
     

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