Goals with designing a sub for HT duties only.

Discussion in 'Archived Threads 2001-2004' started by Jones_Rush, Jan 25, 2001.

  1. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    I am in the process of gathering information about my first DIY subwoofer project.
    There is something I want to understand about HT-only subs:
    Are there any benefits for an HT sub to be:
    tight, fast, precise, have good transient response, low group dealy and good frequency response. all of these factors define a good musical sub, are there any need for them in HT ?
    My dealer told me that a sub which is meant to be used only for HT duties should have these 2 charastaristics:
    1) being able to play in the highest SPL's.
    2) being able to reproduce the lowest frequencies.
    except for these two factors, my dealer told me that all the other factors, which make a lot of difference in music reproduction, make almost no difference at all with movies.
    my dealer has no reason not to be honest with me, since he know that I am going to build the sub myself.
    Can I trust him on this ?
     
  2. Greg Monfort

    Greg Monfort Supporting Actor

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    Only if the sub is used exclusively as a LFE, and the mains/center/surrounds don't need any bass management, IOW it's pure BS for all but a very few, very serious HTs.
    GM
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    Loud is beautiful, if it's clean
     
  3. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    Well, I will need bass management for the center speaker (only goes doen to 60hz) and for the surounds (the actual surround speakers go very low but the decoder can only see them as small).
    Why is that a problem ?
     
  4. Tom Vodhanel

    Tom Vodhanel Cinematographer

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    >>>I am in the process of gathering information about my first DIY subwoofer project.
    There is something I want to understand about HT-only subs:
    Are there any benefits for an HT sub to be:
    tight, fast, precise, have good transient response, low group dealy and good frequency response.
     
  5. Jack Gilvey

    Jack Gilvey Producer

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  6. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    "Of course, as Tom said, you don't have to trade extension for quality when building your own. Only when choosing a commercial sub on the cheap would I sacrifice one for the other."
    Jack,
    Since I have a small room I am forced to use a sub with a sealed enclouse (If I want to get accurate,tight... bass). getting high SPL's and low frequencies from such a sub while still maintaining some of the benefits of a musical sub can only be done by using MONSTROUS enclosures. a sealed 300 liter sub (like some people here suggested) may sound very good in my small room for HT & music, the only problem is, I don't have space in that room for such a huge sub, 90 liter is the biggest I can go, and with that size, I can't get true HT performance.
    By using a vented 90 liter sub, I can reach frequencies of 16hz -3db in my small room, great for HT, the only problem is, the sound will NOT be : tight, fast, precise, have good transient response, low group dealy and good frequency response (due to limitations of the small room).
     
  7. Patrick Sun

    Patrick Sun Moderator
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  8. Jack Gilvey

    Jack Gilvey Producer

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  9. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    "It sounds as if you've already concluded that a 90l good ht/good music sub is impossible."
    No, I haven't concluded anything yet, I'm just following the explanations which I had been given so far. If people here tell me that I need a 260-300 liter enclosures for a sealed sub to sound good for HT in my small room, then the only thing I can do is to think that 90 liter won't suffice.
    If a 90 liter sealed can sound good in my room then I will be VERY happy, but if not, will it be possible to create a port then ? won't it be too late ? I mean with the enclosure being already glued and all...
     
  10. Jack Gilvey

    Jack Gilvey Producer

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    Well, you stated that 1) a 90l sealed sub won't give "true ht performance" and 2) a 90l vented sub will not be tight,fast,etc. I took that to be your conclusion, since they were your statements.
    Please address the questions I posed in my last post so maybe we can find you a good design. To that end, what driver are these "people" suggesting you use in this "260-300 liter" enclosure? An Avatar Shiva in a 90 liter box will give a very good Q of 0.6 with extremely low GD and phase shift.
    It will roll-off the deep bass compared to a comparably sized vented sub,though.
    Have you read much on this, or at least downloaded a design program to see how it works? Try this . Play with it a bit, and see how box sizes and driver parameters affect the final design. It will make these exchanges much more productive for you.
    ------------------
    http://content.communities.msn.com/i...&ID_Message=17
     
  11. Greg Monfort

    Greg Monfort Supporting Actor

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    >Well, I will need bass management for the center speaker (only goes doen to 60hz) and for the surounds (the actual surround speakers go very low but the decoder can only see them as small).
    Why is that a problem ?
    ====
    The LFE channel is supposed to only have simulated special effects when all the speakers are set to Large. When any are set to Small, then the LF music, etc. content is routed to the LFE channel too.
    As JG noted, it's not likely that you're going to be able to discern whether a concussive blast made on a synthesizer is derived from C-4, dynamite, exploding gas tanks, or some recording engr's vivid imagination, so a strictly LFE sub just needs to play loud and deep (high distortion can even enhance it some), but if it has to reproduce the LF BW of the music soundtrack, etc., too.....
    I don't know about you, but for me the quality of the music, etc., sountrack comes first, with the strictly LFE effects available secondary, though in the last few years drivers have become available at bargain basement prices that do a credible job of both.
    ====
    >By using a vented 90 liter sub, I can reach frequencies of 16hz -3db in my small room, great for HT, the only problem is, the sound will NOT be : tight, fast, precise, have good transient response, low group dealy and good frequency response (due to limitations of the small room).
    ====
    If you get -3dB/16Hz in-room/90L vented or sealed, it's because it's playing fairly low on average, with some EQ, as in quietly WRT HT levels.
    ====
    >If a 90 liter sealed can sound good in my room then I will be VERY happy, but if not, will it be possible to create a port then ? won't it be too late ? I mean with the enclosure being already glued and all...
    ====
    Of the sub drivers I compared, there's little difference between sealed/vented in 90L, so it's probably not worth the effort to vent.
    GM
    ------------------
    Loud is beautiful, if it's clean
     
  12. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    "I don't know about you, but for me the quality of the music, etc., sountrack comes first, with the strictly LFE effects available secondary,"
    Well, according to my measures, my main speakers can go down to 28hz -3db in my room (they have 5.5" woofers),
    28hz is low enough, I don't think that there are many songs in the world with lower then 28hz information (I listen mainly to mainstream music).
    So, a sub can't really add anything to my music, that's why I'm considering it purely for HT.
     
  13. Stan Marcewicz

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    >>>Well, according to my measures, my main speakers can go down to 28hz -3db in my room
     
  14. Jack Gilvey

    Jack Gilvey Producer

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  15. Jones_Rush

    Jones_Rush Stunt Coordinator

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    I used a Radio-Shack SPL meter, and played frequency tones from my computer (using a tone generator program) and from my DVD using a special cd (I used two SPL meters, both from radio shack, in order to make sure the readings were authentic + I used the correction numbers
    to compensate for the SPL meter anomalies).
    I think most of you never heard about my speakers,
    they are from a small Thai company named "nOrh",
    It's their marble 9.0 version which use the Revelator
    drivers from ScanSpeak.
    They play very nice tunes for small cash.
    (actually I don't own the speakers yet, I used my friend's ones for measuring, I will get mine next week, hopefully...)
     
  16. Jack Gilvey

    Jack Gilvey Producer

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  17. Greg Monfort

    Greg Monfort Supporting Actor

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    Yes, unless you listen to organ or electronic music, the lowest fundamental is the piano and double bassoon's 27.5Hz, though there are subharmonics down into the single digits. Saying that there's nothing worth reproducing below the music's fundamentals is like saying there's no need to reproduce the upper harmonics beyond ~10kHz IMO. Of course if the medium, such as vinyl, doesn't have any information below ~25Hz, then it's moot. [​IMG] CD/DVDs OTOH, often have much lower musical content.
    Anyway, since 5.5" drivers don't have sufficient Vd to generate HT SPL levels in the lower octaves, especially with low distortion, the sub has to take up the slack.
    GM
    ------------------
    Loud is beautiful, if it's clean
     

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